Food Additives and Packaging in Thailand

Chapter 7, pp 73–80
Chapter DOI: 10.1021/bk-2014-1162.ch007
ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 1162
ISBN13: 9780841230248eISBN: 9780841230255
Publication Date (Web): July 22, 2014
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society


Thailand’s food additives and food packaging are governed by the Food Act of B.E. 2522 (1979). The Act gives the Ministry of Public Health the authority to implement the Act through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which is a department within the Ministry. In general, imports of food for sale in the Kingdom require an import license and standard labeling according to domestic regulations. According to the Ministry of Public Health Announcement, there are four notifications under the Food Act to regulate use of food additives which are Notification No. 281, B.E. 2547 (2004), Notification No. 359, B.E. 2556 (2013), Notification No. 360, B.E. 2556 (2013), and Notification No. 363, B.E. 2556 (2013) and three notifications under this Act to control all food containers and packaging materials which are the Ministerial Notification No. 92, B.E. 2528 (1985), No. 117 B.E. 2532 (1989), No. 295, BE. 2548 (2005). Aside from the Thai FDA where is responsible for legislating the Food Act of food additives and packaging, there are two organizations, namely, the Thai Industrial Standards Institute (TISI) and the Office of the Consumer Protection Board (OCPB) also responsible for setting up regulations. TISI develops both mandatory and voluntary standards for food packaging for consumer protection and for the need of industry and trade while OCPB regulates the label of plastic packaging for consumer protection mainly. In addition, the Department of Science Service (DSS), which was appointed to be ASEAN Food Reference Laboratory (AFRL) in the area of food contact materials by the ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standard and Quality - Prepared Foodstuff Product Working Group (ACCSQ-PFPWG), is actively working on standard of food contact material for ASEAN.